Rama devises a plan with Kotwal, who is in jail.
Apart from his police duties, the Kotwal also enjoyed some judicial powers.
The Qazi dealt with religious offences and the Kotwal mainly with secular ones.
The Amin was expected to help the Kotwal in his judicial and police duties.
The Kotwal nearly combined all the functions of the Muhatasib in
addition to having judicial power.
Inspector Kotwal reveals that he is actually Sultan,
the real gang leader and attempts to kill Suraj.
The Governor and town judges dealt with civil cases, whereas the Kotwal took cognisance of criminal cases.
On the charge of wasting institutions, the Prime Minister said that the
upside thief today is scolding Kotwal.
Upset with the outcome, Kotwal, along with his family, visits Rama and requests him to save him from the punishment.
The next day, at darbaar, Kotwal expresses his last wish to the king i.e.
to transfer his punishment to Rama, who accepts it.
Tavernier( the French traveller) tells us that the office of the Kotwal was a sort of Chowki, where a provost administered justice.
The Darogha- i- Adalat and the Kotwal were required to be present on such occasions
to carry out the judgements given by the emperor.
The Kotwal was in charge of the police department in a town and its suburbs,
while the Faujdar' s jurisdiction was in the rural areas.
Later that day, Suraj is chased by the police(Inspector Kotwal had ordered Inspector Khan to do so)
and is injured, while his bodyguard is killed.
However, a bench of justices R M Savant and
S V Kotwal held that since Khan had been convicted under the Foreigners Act,
his deportation was inevitable.
Akbar had, in the twenty- eighth year of his reign, appointed a standing judicial committee of four courtiers of high rank to deal with the grievances and complaints preferred by the oppressed people including the Kotwal of the empire.
According to reports, in this case, the city Kotwal Anil Singh told that"On the complaint of the victim,
a report has been filed against five people of Piphri and an unknown under 376D, 377 and 366 and soon all were taken into custody.
Plundered of most of his treasures, placed on a lame elephant and expelled by Shuja-ud-Daula after he had been routed at the Battle of Buxar, 23 October 1764; he fled to Rohilkhand, Allahabad, Gohad and Jodhpur,
eventually settling at Kotwal, near Delhi ca.