I've had enough, Mamluks!
Are you from the new Mamluks?
As for us, we are the Mamluks!
The Mamluks defeated the Mongols
and thus brought a halt to the expansion of the Mongol area of conquest.
In 1250, the Ayyubid Egyptian dynasty was overthrown by slave("Mamluk") regiments,
and a new dynasty- the Mamluks- was born.
After defeating the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt, 800 Mamluks were captured,
beheaded, and had their bodies chucked in the Nile River for a swim.
A local military caste, the Mamluks took control about 1250
and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517.
After the fragmentation of the caliphate, the city became subject to various rulers,
including the Mamluks of Cairo in the 13th century and finally, in 1517, the Ottoman Empire.
The castle is thought to have been built by the Mamluks in the 13th century on a high hill overlooking
the historic site of Palmyra, and is named for the Druze emir Fakhr-al-Din II,
The Mamluks, ruling from Damascus, brought some prosperity to the area, particularly to Jerusalem, with an extensive
programme involving the building of schools, hospices for pilgrims, the construction of Islamic colleges and the renovation of mosques.
After the Byzantine and Umayyad rule(which left behind the ruins of Anjar),
the area of today's Lebanon was conquered by the Crusaders and the Mamluks, with many significant monuments(fortresses and places of worship)
scattered over the country, and notably in Tripoli.
The ascendency of the Burji over the Bahri Mamluks, together with recurrent droughts,
plagues and pestilence like the Black Death and taxation to cover the costs of wars against Crusaders and Mongols(the last of which was"Tamurlane's horde") brought about both growing insecurity and economic decline.